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Crude OIL TANKS
How Meany crude oil tanks are in saudi and where are they located
Looking for liquid Chemical tank for lease
We are looking for some available tanks for lease to store liquid chemicals in USA. Our chemicals are hazardous and bring this by ship into USA. Please kindly provide me the contact of the terminals who are interested in. Best Regards,
bulk gasoline storage
How much is the cost of bulk gasoline storage in RI?
What is the energy content of LNG compared with NG, in terms of energy conversion to POWER (MW).
LPG storage capacity renting
Distillate Product Storage
Joost Smits This depends on the scope. In general I don't believe in the "best software", since there are many capable companies offering such services for many years. The software should fit your way of work and project scope. If you are interested in what Systems Navigator can do for you, you can contact me at email@example.com.
tanker terminal lease/storage rate
Mohamed I have 4 tanks in Alexandria port , you can use it and I can offer you best price please let me know the products
Fuel Tank Terminal Companies and Investors
I am looking for suitable companies that can invest in a 100,000 M.T++ Fuel Tank Terminal Government Project in South Asia.
oil storage prices in Fujairah
I am looking to get an indicative pricing for storage of different types of oil in fujairah and whether prices differ greatly between clean oil, fuel oil and crude. I have spoken to a few players and have gotten quotes of about USD4.75 per cm per month spot price, and about USD4 per cm per month for long term contracts (these are only ball park figures and it is my understanding they may differ depending on the type of product, the capacity required, and the duration of storage). I would like to know how big the variations could be and whether these would change depending on other services such as heating, blending, etc.
Mohamed Omar , if you want to use tanks in Egypt . please let me know
My company currently considers opportunity to acquire one of the small oil products terminal.
Gajanan Bochare-Mott MacDonald Dear Mr Kamran,
Joost Smits Hi Kamran,
would you know any company who we shud contact - for marketing and selling their oil in a landlocked african state. availability of tank farms not yet known
Due diligence on tank farm integrity
Could someone kindly advice us on what type of integrity checks should be conducted on a used tank farm terminal before purchase. A breakdown of checks, cost and timelines will be appreciated urgently. Thanks
Rob Luijendijk Dear Victor,
Victor Thank you. We are looking at the Technical due diligence and will want additional information from the responsible concern. Kindly send us the relevant email add or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
What is the relationship between Metric Tons and Cubic Metres as it concerns petroleum products. I noticed most of the measurements from this site and America state Cubic Metres, however we are used to the Metric Ton unit. What exactly is the relationship in lay terms?
needed desiel storage tank at rotterdam
Mohamed Dear Sir
Tank storage available
Terminal Capacity Expansions
Is there a way to query the historical expansions of the individual terminals over the last 10 years?
Terminal throughput Calculations
how can i claculate any terminal throughput
Joost Smits Dear Abady,
Mohamed Moustafa You can find it inside Alexandria port , Egypt .
Building New Tank farm
Need to look for a consultant on a new tankfarm for oil and gas,logistic purpose.In Indoensia or Malaysia.
Joost Smits Dear Abdul,
abdul gani Dear Joost.
Terminal Capacity for Crude and Heavy Fuel Oil
I would appreciate if you could help answering the following questions:
inventory management in oil depot and how we consider temperature and other factor to calculate the right and best inventory point
U S fuel petroleum storage terminal with water access wanted
My group is looking to buy a U.S. Petroleum Fuel Storage terminal with water access, 150,000 bbl to 1,000,000 bbl capacity. Preferably Gulf coast to east coast location. Are there any available.
Joseph Gonnelli NJ Deep water storage avail in three months 1.2mm bbl capacity
West Africa Storage
Does anyone have a list of the storage operators already active in West Africa?
Types of Storage Facilities
Radar tank gauging
What is the minimum capacity of tank the radar tank gauging can be used with? Are there any limitations?
Hello, I was wondering if your database had listings of former bulk petroleum facilities in Rhode Island?
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com Dear Brad,
Would like to know the cost drivers and cost structure/cost model of the Storage Tank industry (depreciation, labor, insurance...)
Arifin /Malaysia Depreciation & amortisation should be around 40%-60% of TOTAL expenses(excluding financial costs).
Abdul gani Hi Ariffin please contact me at this email address firstname.lastname@example.org or my mobile+65 96116563 tq
above vs. below ground tank farm for finished oil
gasoline and diesel tank farms located in Shanxi province china are claimed by the owner to be partially underground - rail access for oil wholesaler, 100K mt, 70k mt, and 50k metric tons in 3 facilities. Is this highly unlikely construction, as the tanks seem to be above ground and 1/3 the stated capacity, with about 5/4 of height to diameter ratio, most tanks 40 to 60 feet diameter.
basic evaluation on where , how big on terminal location.
Joost Smits Dear Amarjit,
Marcel Sipkes Please contact email@example.com
Bulk Liquid storage
India: Market potential for this bulk liquid storage industry and the potential growth going forward?
Paresh Shah Dear Mr. Adhiraj,
Joost Smits Dear Adhiraj,
paresh shah Oblige in case you can spare report copy of E & Y at my mail id firstname.lastname@example.org
What is the ICT requirements for terminals?how much its averge cost
Carlos PEREIRA Hello,
Joost Smits Dear Suhaimi,
Looking for a consortium partner (O&M for Depot / Terminals) for one tender, who must be having a Product class A/B experience, handled 1 mln KL throughput and minimum 60 TKL storage for minimum 2 continues years.
Transaction Cycle and Process
I am interested in working with experts to deploy improved transaction processes at the Ex Rack sales in Some developing nations. We are currently seeing the deployment of technology to facilitate transactions at the petrol station in developing nations. I am positioned and keen to drive the needed change that represents value to both buyer and depot owner, and therefore introduce significant change to the Ex Rack sales at the depot also.I hope to hear from Enterpreneurs with the extensive business cycle experience in more modern nations/environment and wiling to share the technological ideas that can help innovate the sector in the developing nations. You can equally reach me on email@example.com
floating roof storage tanks
I need an expert to assist manufacturing and installation of floating roof storage tanks. Can you please provide me some contacts?
Joe Quinn Mark Winker of Kremsmueller group, please drop me a mail for his contact details.
Shrikant We are from Tata COnsulting Engineers and have the required experts for Oil & Gas projects , please advise what kind of expertise do you require. You may contact on firstname.lastname@example.org.
oil terminal details
Hello. I need to find a source of certain oil terminals located in the Texas Gulf Coast. I need the size capacity, number, and if possible the age of each tank in the terminal, and product. These terminals include: Houston Fuel Oil; IBC Houston; Intern. Terminals Deer Park; Kinder Morgan Galena Park; Nustar; and Oil Tanking. Thanks in advance, Mike
Leon Hi Mike, you could try the following link. It may help you: www.port
Storage and Lifting
Is it possible to lift 4 million metric tons of D2 per month from Rotterdam? Thank you.
MR Balagam Yes It is 100% possible to deliver 4M cargoes of different natures, If Delivery system of cargo is fool proof and efficient without delay time.
D2 and JP54 Immediate Lift
Rob Luijendijk Dear Mr Khalidi Mehmood, please note that TankTerminals.com is a website (and database) for tank terminal facilities. The website is not intended (and not geared towards) bringing together traders in oil products. We are, regrettably, therefore not in a position to deal with your question.
May I know the time required for uniform mixing with side entry propeller mixers in a storage tank having dia 33 Mts x 18 Mts height with product density of 0.823 ?
Tank Farm Profitability Study
for 400,000 m3 storage facility..how much can generate net profit per year?
Rob Luijendijk Dear sir, we are interested to discuss this question with you personally. Please provide us with a telephone number and/or an e-mail address.
SYAMSUL ANUAR ABDUL HAMID pls emel me at email@example.com..i will give my phone number in the email..your help is really appreciated
Tolal global tank storage capacity
Rob Luijendijk Dear sir,
Can Nitrogen be used to blanket empty space
Naeem Ansari KSA N2 gas can be used and it is ideal for fixed roof tank either empty or full (at safe level) Gasoline vapours will remain inside, N2 not only protect unnecessary vapour losses but will keep the product cool and away from explosive mixture.
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com Dear Ramanathan, TankTerminals.com provides on-line access to a vast amount of information about independent, commercial tank storage facilities all over the world. Facilities of such companies as Vopak, Oiltanking, VTTI, etc., who lease their capacities to 3rd parties. Facilities of such companies as Shell and BP, who do not lease their capacities to 3rd parties, are listed in minority in the database.
D2 AND JET FUEL
CAN YOU REVEAL CONTACT DETAILS OF TANK ONWERS IN ROTTERDAM WHO STORE D 2, JET FUEL AND MAZUT AS TITLE HOLDER AND SELL THE SAME ON SPOT OR CONTRACT BASIS
Keith Sharp I am working with a title holder of fuel in rotterdam contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Hi, I need to know about the average rent price of terminal tank particulary crude-use in Singapore and general information such as minimum rent size of the terminal tank for my graduate study. Is there any website or organization that I can collect such data? Thanks
Rob Luijendijk Dear Jo, there are really no (public) websites with that sort of information. There are instrutions (research bureaus, consultants) that have (inidicative) rate levels, but again, not in the public domain. Also note that crude storage (at the receiving ens, line Singapore) is largely in the hands of refineries who do not store crude for commercial purposes but for feeding the refinery. Commercial crude storage, unlike that of petroleum products or chemicals, is not frequently practiced. If not for and within a refinery complex, storage of crude is done for strategic purposes or it is done to get the crude from the well to, e.g. an export port. Crude storage is rather seen as a cost than as a source of revenue/profit.
asset management queries
What is Asset management with respect to Tank farms and Terminals?what are best techniques for asset management practiced worldwilde?
needed desiel storage tank at rotterdam
Rob Luijendijk Dear Mr. John Son, please note that you can acquire, right away and online, access to the TankTerminals.com database which includes all tank terminals in Rotterdam with their respective contact details allowing you to verify whether any of the appropriate terminals can accommodate your requirement.
thomas Rob, your TankTerminal Database does not work, I've tried contacting two leads from your Database and no Manager nor anyone responds to those bogus Offerings. I spent 40 credits each, done wasted 80 credits total for nothing. Fake leads cost us Credits, seems like another smart scam...
Rob Luijendijk Dear Thomas, please see my personal e-mail of today directly to you.
cost of constructing tank
sir, i will construct two tanks capacity of 1000 mt how much cost rising of two tanks and how much land i will require
liquid bulk tank capacity
I am looking for statistics on liquid bulk tank capacity in the US/Canada Great Lakes area. Is demand growing/declining? Is there storage tank capacity to meet demand?
Need Fuel from Title Holder
I work directly with Petroleum Buyer who controls 2 billion dollar line of credit to purchase JP54 and D2 from a Title Holder with real Fuel inside Storage Tank. Do you have any suggestions how locate real Sellers with real product?
Shahid-ul Huq Dear Sir,
Thomas Mr. Shahid,
The final quantity of cargo
What factors determine when to adopt ship of shore tank figures for determining the final quantity delivered of an oil cargo?
Allen Minitzer Not clear, please rephrase
Allen Minitzer What exactly are you looking for?
Dear Sir, Currently I am updating our database on Top Ten Players in Global Storage. Tq
Acqusition of tank farm
I am in the process of evaluating the purchase of a tank farm of 30MT. I would like to know what questions and requirements to consider in this process to avoid issues that might surface after payment is made. Regards
Paresh Shah Dear Ademola, We at Port Logistics India are Group of Professionals with Senior Level experience & expertise on Bulk Liquid Storage Industry. We can provide consultancy on evaluating your proposed Tank Farm purchase & also advise on due diligence process for smooth transaction on transfer of the asset. You can send your interest in our services at email@example.com OR contact me on Hand phone:+919820059728 OR SKYPE : Paresh_India. Thanks & Regards,
Shahid-ul Huq Dear Sir,
Breakdown of typical power consumption at a terminal
What would the power consumption be for a typical terminal? Is there a rough correlation between consumed power and storage capacity? What percentages would apply to pumps and heating systems?
Sanjay Anand There is no thumb rule for typical power consumption in a terminal. Also sorry there is no corelation between pwer and capacity. The power consumption mainly depends on throughput or tank turns, capacity number & type of pumps, heating, blending and ancillary services. Typically 75% will be allocated to pumps and heating system.
1. What is the rental fee for crude oil and pretroleum in countries including South Korea, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Australia, India, Saudi Arabia, Israel, South Africa, Egypt, Brazil, Bahamas, Netherlands, Sweden, Germany and France?
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com Dear Daniel, we regret to advise you that we are offhand not in a position to provide information on storage rates and as far as we know there is no publisher providing such information. It is the best to contact terminals directly for their rates and terms.
Sanjay Anand 1. For crude oil it can range from USD 3 to USD 8 per cub m per month depending on the country.
how many percentage of profit for a million barrel storage
Sanjay Anand It could be 5% to 8% on capital depending on various factors.
I would like to know about the storage facilities in the port of Jubail in Saudi Arabia. Could you please provide me with the names of some of the container storage companies in the area?
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com Dear Anuraq, there are 2 petrochemical facilities located in the port of Jubail, listed in TankTerminals.com terminal database. You may make a Registration at our website and with that you create a so-called Credit Account (with 100 free credit points) which will allow you to search our database. Once the 100 points are used up you can buy any additional number of points (€ 0.30/point) with a credit card.
Tank farm earning multiplier
what is the earning multiplier for a tank farm in MENA region ? and what is the optimal investment horizon for such an investment?
Salim Bilawala There are many factor on which the investment is decided. viz. type of products you are storing, facility and services you offer. The storage tanks also will depend upon types of products, vapor recovery etc. I am currently involved in tank farm planning and construction and can help you more.
Oil Storage Tank Rental
I wish to compare the oil storage tank charge per cubic meter in Singapore vs Rotterdam in general. Can anyone assist me?
Is it ok if we use diesel to push the kerosene out of the pipeline and into it's storage tank?
Bulk terminal storage tank construction cost
Dear sirs, how do I compute the replacement cost for a bulk terminal tank?
Mohamad Roslan Mohamad Zin Would that will inclusive other factors or deliverable that maybe overlook at?
Ramakrishna Jeeri Could be around removal - 2.0$ for new construct use 4.5$ + additional for environment clearance (can be estimated after physical survey of the site after clearing the property before getting new one) costs shall be validated after through verification of local taxes/logistics/permits/approvals etc.
storage fee per m3
Would You please be so kind and tell me what is rate to lease a storage capacity in US , US independent, land terminals, tankers,ARA region,Singapure for crude oil, gasoline, diesel, fuel oil,biofuel per m3 per month? What is the difference between long term storage ( over 3 years) and short term up to 1 year contract?
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com We regret to advise you that we are offhand not in a position to provide information on storage rates and as far as we know there is no publisher providing such information. The only magazine, to the best of our knowledge, that publishes generic information on rates for oil etc. in major oil hubs is the Petroleum Economist. Otherwise, it is the best to contact terminals directly for their rates and terms.
List of liquid storage terminals at chennai port
Could you please provide me a list of all the existing and planned liquid storage tanks at Chennai port along with their capacity.
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com Dear Kshitij, there are 3 facilities located in the port of Chennai, listed in TankTerminals.com terminal database. You may make a Registration at our website and with that you create a so-called Credit Account (with 100 free credit points) which will allow you to search our database. Once the 100 points are used up you can buy any additional number of points (€ 0.30/point) with a credit card.
Top oil storage players
I am working on a school project regarding the oil storage market. I wonder if you can advise me on "who are the top oil storage player (in terms of capacity) in Middle East and Africa respectively"? Just the company name would be fine..
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com We do make a difference between commercial and non-public storage companies. Among the commercial players in the Middle East the biggest (in terms of capacity) are Eilat Ashkelon Pipeline Co. Ltd., Horizon Terminals Ltd. together with Royal Vopak B.V., Oiltanking GmbH, VTTI B.V.; in Africa - Island View Storage Ltd., Oiltanking GmbH, Horizon Terminals Ltd., Afriquia SMDC and Addax & Oryx Group Ltd.
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com As we are not a tank constructing company (TankTerminals.com is a database publishing company), we regret we are not in a position to give you an advice. Perhaps other readers of this forum can help you.
Paresh Shah In case you are working on project, you have to first make out the Tank terminal layout plan depending on land availability Tank size can be worked out further receipts & evacuation facilities required for cargo will decide the other facilities required to be created in terminal.
Marketing Plan for new petroleum storage terminal
Hello guys, would anyone by any chance have worked on a 'Marketing Plan' for promoting a new petroleum storage terminal? We are looking to draw up one for our new terminal to raise awareness in a market where several other marketers/operators have long existed. Will appreciate a comprehensive document sent to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Paresh Shah Dear Victor, what is the location you are referring to. are you looking for any Consultancy Firm to draw out Marketing plan for your project? I am from India & can assist on the same for any Asia Specific job. Contact India +919820059728
TANK MANUFACTURERS N. AMERICA
Where can I find a list of Tank Manufacturers in N. America (Canada & USA), please.
Tank Farm/ Depot and Stock Management
Hello, can you please advise me with format/template for calculating tank utilization and stock management and controls. We wish to gain some expert insight as to best practices in this area of both manual and automatic stock management and recording for modern tank farm facility.
Carlos PEREIRA Hello Victor,
victor ohakim Dear Carlos PEREIRA,
Cleaning procedure of Tank
Rob Luijendijk As we are not a tank cleaning company (TankTerminals.com is a database publishing company), we regret we are not in a position to send you such procedures. Perhaps other readers of this forum can help you.
Scooter Wilson Tank cleaning procedures will depend on the previous content of the tank and the what the next content will be. There are several different cleaning methods that are acceptable, dependant of the product being removed.
greenfield terminal operation
What is the meaning and requirements of a greenfield terminal operation!
Rob Luijendijk Dear Willie, "greenfield" is understood to refer to a project starting from scratch on the earmarked plot of land. Let us discuss this at your convenience. Please call me at +31-10-2310630. Have a nice weekend.
pls advise if somebody knows any stprage facility for chemicals in WAF ( west africa ) not considering nigeria, ghana and angola. pls reply to firstname.lastname@example.org
In our Terminal based in Tunisia, we have 2 big problems in our operation systeme :
Rob Luijendijk Dear Maalool Hichem, we can assist you in solving the problem in two ways. We, through our mother company Downstream B.V., Rotterdam, can make available at your terminal a well experienced tank terminal operations expert who can review the actual situation at your terminal and who can advise you on the spot. We strongly prefer this over arranging a visit of you to a terminal with similar operations in e.g. somewhere in Europe. Please call the undersigned to discuss this matter at +31-10-2310640 at your convenience.
Carlos PEREIRA Hello, Please kindly find below some insights based on my personal experience :
p 1) any Terminal with product in/out pumping facilities through dock line can provide Transshipment subject to local laws.
tank storage capacity
kindly advise on size in cubic meters of storage tank to accomodate 572,000 barrels of crude oil and 193,000 barrels of crude oil respectively.
Rob Luijendijk Dear Kenneth Opurum,
tank cleaning prices
what does it cost to cleanup an oil tank farm
Rob Luijendijk Dear Ulasni Innocent Obiora, please note that it is impossible to provide a straightforward answer to your question. Many variables play a riole here, such as type of product, size of tank(s), cleaning procedure, required cleanliness, disposal costs, etc. We suggest you contact a professional cleaning company for further information.
total tank terminal capacity by region
Rob Luijendijk Dear Mrs Sharmin Islam,
Tank Storage Lesing
We are small trading company dealing with physical delivery of fuel we are looking for Storage tank leasing solutions preferably in the Houston area with 50.000 MT of storage capacity for Gas Oil D2 diesel.
Rob Luijendijk Dear Tony Rogers, our website, www.tankterminals.com, offers the opportunity to submit enquiries to any terminal listed in our database. Please select the terminal (or more than one terminal) from the list of terminals per country or per port click on "Send enquiry to selected terminals" at the top of the list. The website will send your enquiry to any of the terminals selected.
Bulk Storage terminal construction
How much will it cost to build and 80000MT greenfield storage terminal in africa and what size of land do you reckon it would occupy?
Paresh Shah It depends on Tank foundation required like Sand pad/Piling etc., however you can safely take Tank cost @ US$200 per KL capacity. The land size again depend on Class of Cargo to be stored in case of Haz class you will need around 3 Hec area for 80000KL, for Safe cargo it will be less.
Willie Vogel Thank yo Paresh, much appreciated, Willie vogel
Shahid-ul Huq Dear Sir,
Storage contractor from east europe
List of storage building contractor from east europa
Latest trends in Liquid Bulk Storage
I am a Conference Producer with IQPC. I am researching on the 'Liquid Bulk Storage ' topic in India and was intereseted to know about the current market trends and the issues that the industry is facing ?? Please feel free to share your thoughts.
Oil Storage Terminals
Hi I have a few questions that i would like proffesional guidance on:
Jon Watson Terminals storing bunker fuels often add value by blending. So, if they have 500cSt HFO and distillate fuels they can blend these to create any of the intermediate fuels.
Mark Levitski If I understood your 1) question correctly the added services among other “simple storage” things are: Water separation (bio fuels, jet fuel); Homogenysing (mixing, air injection etc.); Blending; Adding additives; Sluge control; Sampling services and quality control; Emission control/ reduction; Heating; Product filters.
Leasing of tanks
Kindly assist me with known rates or estimated rates for leasing farm tank for the storage of petroleum products per cubic meter
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminal.com We regret to advise you that we are offhand not in a position to provide information on storage rates and as far as we know there is no publisher providing such information. The only magazine, to the best of our knowledge, that publishes generic information on rates for oil etc. in major oil hubs is the Petroleum Economist. Otherwise, it is the best to contact terminals directly for their rates and terms.
MChouaieb If you are interested to lease Petroleum products ( not crude) in our terminal contact me: email@example.com +212661541012
Tank bottom sludges
Hi I am trying to find out if there is a market for treating sludges that form in the bottom of oil storage tanks. I would really lke to know what sort of quantities of sludge might a terminal operator dispose of each year and what they typically do with them? Any help or contacts would be most appreciated.
Bulk Liquid Storage Rates
Dear Sir / Madam.
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminal.com We regret to advise you that we are offhand not in a position to provide information on storage rates and as far as we know there is no publisher providing such information. The only magazine, to the best of our knowledge, that publishes generic information on rates for oil etc. in major oil hubs is the Petroleum Economist. Otherwise, it is the best to contact terminals directly for their rates and terms.
Tank Terminal EPC Contractor
Joost Dear Sachin,
Paresh Shah We at Value Added Liquid Logistic Support Services (VALLSS) are group of professionals with Senior level Industry experience & can support you in your entire activities of Building Greenfield/modifying/Marketing of Bulk Liquid Terminal at Indian coast. In case we meet your requirements kindly contact at firstname.lastname@example.org
I want a 40,000 cubic metres tank. What would be the best diameter and height?
Anil Raheja Dia for a 40000m3 tank will reach around 53m in case there are restrictions on height of the tanks to say 20m.
Rastislav Razus For 40.0000 m3 we have build a concrete tank with diameter of 48 meter and height of 22 m. Tank bottom, tanks walls and tank roof was build as a monolith, pre-stressed concrete with internal composite layer and vacuum indication system to continuously monitor the leakage.
What is the difference between the quantity in a manifold system versus the constant line fill quantity?
Corey Rogers Generally a Manifold system is designed to be drained regularly. Therefore constant line fill is considered part of tank bottoms and manifold is considered a transaction when emptied/filled.
Johann Kohler Martin, at what stage would you drain a manifold system in a terminal? There are risks regarding a vapour space within lines that are not gas free. Are you referring to a line clearance or line displacement after a transfer?
Nachiket Antani we generally using pigging opration to empty out manifold and connected lines.
Have you ever used Unloading Oil Centrifugal Pumpsets of Capacity 1000KL/hr?
Brian Savage We have provided centrifugal pump sets ( 3 pumps to system) for 3500 and 4200 gallons per minute. Connections/line configurations on board greatly influence flow rate. Tanks being served and associated dynamic discharge heads also influence varying flow rates. Thus we see 3 versus 2 pumps being used. We only work with viscosities less then 35 cts.
Keith Sharp If you are unloading from a road tanker, positive displacement pumps are preferred as they have a much greater capacity to handle air without vapour locking and cavitating.
what are the parts present in tank, safety fittings of the tanks
1) We noted that the indicative storage rate in SE Asia is about $6.50/cbm. Is this rate for pure storage with specific throughputs given per year? If not, what does it include? Does it include services like blending or heating.
Anon 1) it depends on the contract. $6.50/cbm seem to be more for petrochemical products. At that price range, it might be more for pure storage.
Corey Rogers 1) Agreements can be negotiated with many different charge out options. Commonly rates are structured to include - base price/m3 + throughput + shipping + payback for facility modifications (If required) + blending + drumming. Basically-you pay for your tank + labour + energy to service your needs as a customer. The rates get better the longer the contract & how good your negotiation skills are.
Oil Storage in Northeast Alberta
Dear Sir or Madam,
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminal.com Dear Peter, there are 6 Alberta province facilities listed in TankTerminals.com terminal database. You can make a Registration at our website and with that you create a so-called Credit Account (with 100 free credit points) which will allow you to search our database. Once the 100 points are used up you can buy any additional number of points (€ 0.30/point) with a credit card.
What is the diffrence between loading and unloading arm?If there is a loading arm and the other facility of termnal are suitable for unloading operation,can this loading arm used for unloading and Vice Versa?
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com There are 3 types of loading arms used to transfer liquid products to/from truck, rail or vessel transported tank. Top and bottom loading arms are used for land transport and marine loading arm is user for water transport. Top loading arm is used to load and unload road or rail tankers. Bottom loading arm is used only for unloading. Marine loading arm is used to load and unload a ship or barge.
We are looking for information of all storage tank companies and their details capacities in Malaysia.
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com Dear Eric, TankTerminals.com terminal database provides data on crude and product terminals worldwide. Currently we have around 20 companies with around 30 terminals in Malaysia enlisted in the database. You can make a Registration at our website and with that you create a so-called Credit Account (with 100 free credit points) which will allow you to search our database. Once the 100 points are used up you can buy any additional number of points (€ 0.30/point) with a credit card.
Tank and Terminal Management
What are the industry happenings at the moment that can be highlighted for solutions in the industry?
Lewis Bates Lots of claims by newcomers that simply do not stack up, We have been in the business as leader since the early 1950's ( I have done 30 of those) and have knowledge and experience of all of the hydrocarbons and Veg Oils (& therefore Biofuels) stored in large storage tanks, I am happy to discuss specifics, you can reach me on email@example.com
Salim Bilawala Could any one let me know if a tank (MS) built in 2006 and ramined idle since can be reused after cleaning ? What would be the method of cleaning as it has accumulated rust inside.
Petrochemical Tank Market
I'm looking for petrochemical resources for tank companies, locations, and industry pricing in the gulf coast area.
CEPS Pipeline Terminals
Dear Sir / Madam
Joost Smits Hi Lloyd,
What is an estimate or reliable source to find capital expenditure for the storage market as a whole and by sector (crude & petroleum products, chemical, and gas). Also an average cost per cubic meter or barrel of storage (not rates for leasing)?
storage cost per barrell
storage cost per barell
Ilga Pauser, TankTerminals.com We regret to advise you that we are offhand not in a position to provide this information, which depends on region/country/port, and as far as we know there is no publisher providing such information. The only magazine, to the best of our knowledge, that publishes generic information on rates for oil etc. in major oil hubs is the Petroleum Economist.
Global Storage Capacity
Can you please confirm the global total storage capacity for (a) crude oil, (b) refined petroleum products and (c) gas?
Lewis Bates Gas I have no connection with, but it occurs to me that storage capacity and storage use are two different figures, if a terminal has 1 million CuM refilled every week is a much more important measure than the strategic storage tanks which are refilled maybe once per year, or even tanks that (these days) are too expensive to fill. Refineries are not good at indicating the usability of their tankage - Terminals are better - but not much.
Cost of building a bulk liquid storage terminal
What price per cubic metre should I allow to build a green field bulk liquid storage terminal given that the port facilities are in place for ships of up to 22 metre draft anf the ground under the tanks is going to be ok for reasonable foundations. we are looking to build 120,000 cubic metres. Tanks would need to be around 20,000 cubic metres and cater for unleded petrol, Diesline , 180 fuel oil 380 fuel oil and bitumen. Pipe work from the port to tanks will be approximately 300metres to first storage tanks at the port then 7klms to further storage tanks
Paresh Shah Based on India Industry experience you can safely take US$ 160 per CBM of Tank capacity(MOC-Mild Steel) to be build. Kindly note Dockline cost will be additional based on MOC & Length/Size/Number of the same.
Sachin Mendes Hi Paresh, what would be cost in USD per CBM if MOC of the tanks is SS 304?
Oil storage quantities
What is the current quantity of independent crude oil stored globally?
Tank lease/ownership by Morgan Stanley
Hello -- I read with interest Rob Luijendijk's response to a recent posting about investment banks and storage facilities. I am now researching a news story related to the same subject, and would like to know if you can help provide some data. I am interested in aggregated numbers (not specific details) of crude and oil product storage tank capacity in the United States that is owned (directly or indirectly) or leased by Morgan Stanley Group (or a subsidiary thereof, such as Transmontaigne). We would be happy to provide you full attribution in the story, which will be read by thousands of oil industry professionals worldwide.
Rob Luijendijk Dear Jonathan, as this question cannot be answered straightforwardly, we would appreciate discussing this matter with you directly. Please let us have your phone number.
Jonathan Leff Hi Rob -- Can you drop me an email on firstname.lastname@example.org? I'm in and out of meetings, may be easier to schedule a time to talk that way. Thanks!
Storage rates in UAE
I'm trying to find out the annual average oil storage rates for fuel oil/gas oil/jet fuel/gasoline in the UAE region for the past ten years. Can you please assist me on this? Thank you.
Rob Luijendijk We regret to advise you that we are offhand not in a position to provide this information. However, we would appreciate getting in touch with you on this subject to better understand the reasons why you are looking for this.
FJ I stored bunker at Fujairah last year in October for a monthly rate of US5 per ton. Initial negotiations started at US¤ 9.
Rob Luijendijk Bij de beantwoording van deze vraag moet allereerst geografie van de markt gedefinieerd worden, bijv. Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerpen (ARA), geheel Europa, andere continenten, gehele wereld. Om het dicht bij huis te houden, een paar opmerkingen over het ARA gebied. Gezien de enorme grootte van dit havengebied en het belang van deze havens voor de opslag en overslag van olie, chemie, etc. zijn belangrijke en grote spelers in de tankopslagmarkt in het ARA gebied nadrukkelijk aanwezig. De bedrijven spelen een prominente rol en trekken daardoor dan ook de aandacht. Echter, ook in het ARA gebied zijn eveneens vele andere grotere en kleinere bedrijven op dit terrein actief. Er is dus zeker geen sprake van een oligopolie in het ARA gebied en juist de laatste jaren zijn er nogal wat nieuwe spelers bijgekomen. Op Europese schaal met ca. 800 commerciele terminals, is dit nog minder het geval en op wereldschaal is er ondanks een aantaal grote en bekende wereldspelers, sprake van een sterk gefragmenteerde markt.
How much of the world's oil storage capacity is leased or owned by the world's investment banks?
Rob Luijendijk Hi Hugh, this depends to a large extent on how you define "oil storage capacity". If you take the total global oil storage capacity (dedicated/refinery + independent), their share is small. However, probably your question refers to the independent tank storage industry only (= about 450/500 M m³, max 20% of the total), the share of the investment banks is larger because we think that their share in the dedicated/refinery storage industry is negligible. Still, for the independent tank storage industry, a distinction has to be made between "owned" and "leased" or both at the same time. With respect to "owned", another factor is owned directly or owned indirectly.
terminal in bridgeport ct for sale
wondering if magellan was the leadind bidder for the sale of our terminal??
Rob Luijendijk Rik, happy that we could clarify things in our telcon yesterday.
Oily Water Disposal
We have accumulated oily water that is beyond our Waste Water Treatment facility and would like to know if there is a Terminal that will accept a quantity of around 350,000 Barrels. to store it and treat it. We can workout chartering a ship to do the transportation from our facility to the designated Terminal. We are in Saudi Arabian east coast (Arabian Gulf).
Khalid Replys can be sent to my e-mail: email@example.com or directly by calling me on +966504850778 (mobile).
Rob Luijendijk Please note our personal mail to you.
We are a tank cleaning company that would like to utilize this site to get access to every available terminal in the united states that stores asphalt grade materials
Rob Luijendijk To learen more about the various ways to access our database, please visit www.tankterminals.com/about_us.php and refer to section 'Subscriptions'.
I am wondering what capacity Shell has for products at their former Montreal East refinery, they have converted to a tank farm.
Rob Luijendijk We regret to advise you that we currently do not have an answer to this question. We will forward this question to our North American office. We will advise you once we know the capacity.
What is the crude oil storage capacity in the Northern Atlantic / Arctic area?
Rob Luijendijk There will be crude storage capacity where 1) crude is explored (found), 2) where there are refineries, and 3) in (big) ports for logistical reasons or trading purposes. This website and its database focus on independent tank storage, storage accessible for third parties. All crude storage prior to the refineries is rarely in the hands of independent operators, virtually always operated by the crude exploration companies and/or the well known oil companies. This is the reason why relarively little information is found in this database. It is not our focus as we are trying to put transparency in the tank storage market that can be used by third parties. Nevertheless, you will find in our database a number of crude storage facilities that offer their services, albeit often on a limited scale, for third party crude storage. You can make a Registration at our website. With that you create a so-called Credit Account (with 100 free credit points) which will allow you to search our database. Once the 100 points are used up you can buy any additional number of points (€ 0.25/point) with a credit card.
Rob Luijendijk Please note that we are not in the business of crude oil trading or the trading of any oil commodity for that matter. We only provide information on global crude and oil product terminals through this website, the largest if its kind in the world.
Aman Khan Vijah
crude oil terminals
Hello I am a student of Gdynia Maritime University. I'm writing a thesis and I am looking for informations: how much is the oil terminal in the world. Statistics, etc.
Rob Luijendijk We estimate that the global tank storage capacity is around 1,800 million m³. Furthermore we estimate that as part of this total a maximum of 400 million m³ is capacity operated as independent/commercial tank storage capacity. Generally speaking, independent/commercial tank storage capacity is the capacity that is not operated by oil companies. Oil company's capacity is called dedicated storage capacity and is generally used for the relevant oil company only. Independent/commercial capacity is also referred to as third party storage capacity. Important to understand is that products stored at independent terminals is never owned by the owner/operator of the terminal, these products are always owned by third parties, the terminal's clients.
Please, what is the cost of the Aberdeen Harbour Tank Farm and Petroleum Loading Depot?
Rob Luijendijk We do not (cannot) provide the cost for making use of the services of any tank terminal listed in our database. That is the prerogative of the terminal owner/operator.
What is the calculation for measuring tank utilization?
Rob Luijendijk Tank utilization can be measured in various ways; per m³ holding capacity of one or more tanks (filling rate), to the extent that the throughput capacity is used (x cubic meters or x tons in and out of a tank per period), or the financial perforemance in relation to a budget.
Corey Rogers One of my favourites was tank turns per year. That is total tank throughput divided by tank volume.
Could you tell me that which part should the independant storage activities be positioned to? the up, middle stream or down stream? I am confused about that.
Rob Luijendijk Dear Ling Ling, the independent tank storage industry generaly serves the middle (assuming you mean here heavy fuel oil) and downstream (gasoline, gasoil, diesel, naptha) oil sectors (as well as chemicals, vegetable/edible oil, etc.). However, there are also independent tank terminal facilities that handle crude but this number is small relative to the other two sectors.
Australian Tank Market Info
Rob Luijendijk Dear Arthur Chapman,
Where can I find information on terminal storage pricing? Is there any type of database/website that posts or offers 'market' rates for crude storage?
Maria Eschbach As far as we know there is no publisher providing such information. The only magazine, to the best of our knowledge, that publishes generic information on rates for oil etc. in major oil hubs is the Petroleum Economist. The January issue of this magazine normally has an article on this matter.
Building infrastructure for Liquid storage
Wanted to know the cost break up for building liquid storage tankers in an Indian port?
Rob Luijendijk Dear Chaitanya Andesara, you mention "tankers". If you refer to tankships, we regret to advise you that we do not have any expertise in that field. Where it concerns land tanks, we are happy to discuss matters with you.
My company is seriously looking into constructing a tank farm. We understand that will need a professional study done. To prepare ourselves in understand and contribute to the planing. We like to know if there are any text references, seminars and or educational periodicals we could subscribe to. Thank you so much for this forum. It is priceless.
Joost Smits Our website shows some challenges for oil terminals, mainly focused on the logistics of a terminal. This might give you an idea. However, we do not publish complete design documents.
Liquid Storage tank facility
I require a 500cm storage tank in Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa, PH of 5, product is called Calcium Lignosuphonate - it will be mainly used for local distribution.
Maria Eschbach You can check it with Island View Storage Ltd. and Vopak in Durban.
Tariffs for tank terminals is based on what? is it based on throughput? number of days?
Rob Luijendijk A standard contract form stipulates a fee per cubic meter per annum or another period. These fees normally include a number of throughputs during that same period. If this number of throughputs is exceeded an additional throughput fee applies. If the pre-agreed number of throughputs is not reached, the original fee agreed for this contract remains unchanged. Only excess throughputs are being charged extra. Please see also my answer to Tank Leasing Price question.
Tank leasing price
Hello, I want to know about how to assign the lease price for a tank? If can tell me where I can find information about prices and pricing structures would be great.
Rob Luijendijk Tank storage fees are based on supply and demand. In other words, a lot of demand in a tight market leads to high storage fees. Another approach is of course that storage fees are based on operational, financial, overhead costs for a terminal. The total cost (e.g. per annum) divided by the total storage capacity results in (minimum) storage fee per cubic meter per annum. Furthermore, it has to be taken into consideration that not all capacity will be leased out permanently, so a correction for an expected occupancy level applies as well.
Isah Joe Can you give me estimates or known price rates for leasing storage tanks per cubic meter
ARA independent tank storage
Can you tell me the the following please:
Rob Luijendijk a) Current capacity in i) Rotterdam – 8,2 mln m3; Amsterdam – 4,3 mln m3; Antwerp – 3,7 mln m3 and in ii) ARA – 16,1 mln m3. However, these capacities also include the storage of dirty fuel oil, which we estimate for Rotterdam at 40-50%; Amsterdam – 30-40%; Antwerp < 20%.
FSU storage rates
If possible can you please give me some indication of what the oil storage rates for a 1995 built, double hull VLCC anchored off Pasir Gudang, Malaysia from May 2011 would be.
Rob Luijendijk We are sorry to let you know that we are not familiar with the recent/current rates for storage of oil in VLCC's off the Malaysian coast.
Pricing strategies of Tank Terminals
Rob Luijendijk Edward, thanks for your positive feedback on our website.
Storage rates in South East Asia
I note that there was a question on how much storage rates in rotterdam are to store fuel and crude oil.
Krien According Petroleum Economist the rates are about S$ 5.80/cbm but for next year S$6.50/cbm was indicated. For long term contracts discounts in the range of S$ 0.15-0.25 are offered.
Cezz Thanks Krien,
Krien Petrochemicals are much more expensive than crude oil or petroleum products. Also the tanksizes differ. The rates mentioned in the article are for crude oil / cpp. All rates change with different conditions, so this average is for a medium long contract and at average throughput, any diversion from that will have an effect on the rates.
Tank Farm Project Cost
What is the average cost and time for construction of a 30,000MT tank farm along with pipeline and jetty facilities? Would it make sense to include bitumen facilities in such a project?
Stefan Dear Tsuma:
Rowland Dicks I agree with Stefan's comments and would like to add a few other dimensions to the discussion. The terrain would affect the total cost as well as the length of pipeline, whilst the size of tank that would meet the proposed client needs is needed to add to the costing protocols. I don't think that there is enough information supplied relating to the question to make any more comments.
Average period of tank cleaning
How many times does the tank need cleaning in a year?
Randy Burton The average interval between tank cleaning for a given year is typically 10 years. However, that could be accelerated if there are particular problems with a given tank or if you change the type of hydrocarbon that you or your client needs to store in such a tank.
Crude and water
I need to find out about the quantities of both crude oil and water that terminals store at the same time. What is the most free water that can be present in a terminal for storing crude? I am particularly interested in Terminals in the Netherlands and the rest of Europe. Many thanks!
J.Veenma, Independent consultant at Veenma Tankterminal Consultancy The amount of water which can be present in a tank that stores crude oil can be anything between zero and a few hundred tons. During loading water can be present in the cargo loaded.
Tank Farms in USA
Are statistics available on the number tank farms/tanks in the US by region?
Rob Luijendijk, TankTerminals.com TankTerminals.com database includes all US terminals that have significance for international trade and transport. This also means that the smaller hinterland terminals that are used for distribution purposes are not included. All terminals for the US are listed on a state-by-state basis and could be searched as such. Through our map search terminals that are visible in a zoomed section of the map could be selected. All search results could be exported to an Excel summary. We believe that these functionalities fully meet your requirements. If you have any further questions, please contact us again.
Buyer and sellers of petroleum
Can you indicate whether the independent tank terminal owers buy and sell crude, D2, diesel, jet fuel etc. If so can I get a list of them
Rob Luijendijk, TankTerminals.com Pure INDEPENDENT terminal operators do not sell or buy products. These companies only store products on behalf of third parties. These might be traders in oil products, but can also be producers and end users. However, there are also terminals that are owned by oil traders, but often these terminals are operated by a separate subsidiary. The focus of TankTerminals.com are the independent storage providers.
Crude terminal pricing in Bakken region
How can I find pricing for services (storage, blending, etc.) for crude terminals in the Bakken region in the US?
Maria Eschbach of TankTerminals.com The Bakken terminals are serving the oil fields in the region and are not listed in our database as they can not be qualified as independent terminals. For pricing indication you need to approach those terminals directly.
What is according to you the most efficient way to build above ground storage tanks - How do you see the trends towards jacking systems to elevate new tanks?
Cos Operating Tanks with Product Blending Capability
Do you know how to access a list of Companies operating in the U.S. that have crude and finished product blending capabilities?
Maria Eschbach TankTerminals.com terminal database provides data on crude and product terminals worldwide. You can register and use 100 free credits to see what it offers. However, the database doesn't specify if the terminal has blending capabilities. I wouldn't know of any other source that would do. I have checked OPIS (www.opisnet.com but it seems they don't list it, too.
How to build the tanks in 6 days?
Video answer is provided by MERCON: Vopak Vlaardingen - 2nd 5000 group
Asphalt Terminal Storage
Who would I contact to find asphalt terminals for sale in North America?
Rob Luijendijk Dear Jerry, PortStorage Group is not engaged in this type of business. However, what springs to our mind is that you could be contacting real estate agents in the US. We understand that there are agents that are specialised in tank terminals in general, perhaps also in asphalt terminals. Success.
Storage rates in Rotterdam
Im trying to find price guide or price break down how much it costs to store Fuel or Crude oil in Rotterdam tanks storage per 1 Metric Ton.
frits storage rates for crude per month in Rdam are around € 2,50 per m³, for fuel around € 4,00 per m³.
hira euro 4 /m very expensive
Denis Elis Thanks you.
How easy is it to convert bulk storage containers for use in storing other products?
For instance, if a company was storing large amounts of chemicals and petroleum, but those contracts came to an end, how viable is it to use those containers for ethanol storage?Please do not limit your answer to the above example.
Rob Luijendijk Possible but not necessarily easy. Moreover, a tank container stores about 25/30 m³ which is often not enough for bulk quantities. Important is to clean the tank container to safeguard the integrity of the next product. What plays a role as well is the the type of authorosation of the tank container to carry products with different hazardous properties. Tank containers (like rail tank cars or tank trucks) are used for intermediate storage but usually not for a prolonged period. For bulk storage of liquid storage the services of a tank terminal, some of which have small tanks as well, are the best and safest solution.
Is there is an average price to purchase storage to own, for e.g. in Houston?
What would be the cost to permanently buy out storage in comparison to the monthly lease for for the same amount?
Mike van Croonenburg There is no average price for the purchase of existing storage facility. For new build there are average numbers where you can calculate with. We are specialists in purhasing existing storage for clients. Discretion and confidentiality is guaranteed. Please contact me for further information and our possibilities.
Looking for data (pref public domain) for vessel loading rates benchmark for bulk liq chem terminals
Avg, top quartile, bottom quartileetc. Lacking this any anecdotal evidence also welcome. Tx
Allen Minitzer work basis 150mt/hour for parcels of 5kt, a little higher for bigger parcels, pretty low compared to CPP.
Zaid Mohamad most of Chemical terminals are using 6\\\" pipes and then max. loading rate expected is 200mt/h but as Allen said the average is normally 150mt/h ( depends on the ship size below 10k or above), but still for some viscous chemicals like POLYOL and similar products the average rate could be around 100mt/h.
Alternative product volume measuring
Is there any accurate and economic way of measuring the volume of product in the tank other than manual dipping?
Rob Luijendijk There are various electronic (actuators, radar guages) on the market. They are accurate but more expensive than manual equipment but they save on labour. These electronic systems are often part of a fully integrated and computerized tank terminal management system.
How I can review the efficiency of Petrochemical storage capacity?
What determines that I need to add more storage? How I can determine how much?
Licensing process for petroleum terminal
How do we begin the licensing process to be a petroleum terminal operation?
Kasper Castricum Depends on the position of the greenfield terminal operation. Standard: First stage shall be obtaining a permit to construct (EPC) from local authority body, i.e. technical design submitted with environmental and safety studies. Than second stage obtaining the permit to operate (EPO) after local authority commissioning when constructing finished.
New terminal development in India
Hi, we are looking to develop a 100,000 M3 of tanking for Veg, Pet in east coast of India. We are looking for tanking consultants for the same, for drawing etc. Can you help us?
Paul Verwater We can assist you in many ways. Engineering,
Aad Bijl Vicoma Engineering is able to help you with the design of your project. Please contact me at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Percentage of chemical terminals vs oil terminals
How much percentage of chemical terminals around the world when compared to oil terminals?
Maria Eschbach Approximately 85-90% oil and 10-15% chemicals of independent storage capacity.
What significance does terminal automation plays in terminals and oil depots?
Rob Luijendijk Dear John, please note that there are various "levels" of terminal automation; eg from a relatively simple motor-operated valve to a fully integrated and computerized terminal automation package including administrative functions. In very general terms, terminal automation has a positive effect on personnel requirements, it may enhance the efficiency at a terminal, and, last but not least it may also have a positive effect on safe operations and terminal intergity.
Feiko Jager Dear John, Rob gave a concise answer to your question. In case you would like to go more in depth, I could help you with my terminal automation experience from Vopak. Please have a look at www.fjjagerconsultancy.nl if this interests you.
What is % of product loss in Mogas tanks acceptable when stored in Floating roof tanks?
Also what could be the reasons for this losses?
Allen Minitzer It should be less than 0.1% per month especially if the tank is for product which is not straight from a refining unit into tank.
Allen Minitzer For what period?
I found your answer informative about the global mix.
What about the mix between captive and independent storage within the USA?
Rob Luijendijk We estimated the global dedicated tank storage capacity (notably refinery storage capacity) on the basis of the global refinery capacity and derived from this number an average front-end storage capacity (crude storage capacity) and an average back-end (the storage capacity required to hold refinery products) on the basis of 30 days front-end crude and 45 days back-end products. We calculated this on a global basis only. We did not do this on a country-by-country basis.
Can you tell me the exact meaning of the term independent storage?
Does it mean the commercail storage, SPR ,the sum of two storages or another storage? i went to the EIA, and found that there are some difference between the figure you gave and EID did.
Maria Eschbach Independent storage terminals are operated by service-oriented companies that own and operate tank storage terminals purely for third party customers. They do not hold title to any of the product stored in the tanks.
Latest concepts/techniques in terminalling
What are the latest concepts/techniques in terminalling?
Joost Smits I would say that using simulation modeling in the design and operation of a terminal is a latest concept/technique, but my vision is probably not very objective...
Feiko Jager There are many developments in terminalling, as in most industries. I suggest that you prescribe to tank storage magazine as it will keep you up to date about the latest from the industry.
Expectations for 2011
What does 2011 look like for growth and why?
Rob Luijendijk The general (global) picture is that currently the demand for tank storage capacity outstrips the supply. Obviously this is most apparent in global hot spots: big oil ports, along coast lines of strongly emerging markets but there is a modest but growing demand for storage infrastructure as well in secondary locations. There is a fair number of smaller and local reasons (varying product specifications, shallow ports) that together constitute good reasons for regional storage operations but the global trend is fuelled by 1) the growing global imbalances between product availability and supply and 2) the fact that there are nowadays more players on the supply-side who are all securing strategic positions (= tank storage) along the value chain from production to consumption.
Hans Vrijenhoef I agree with your sense towards independancy and strategic interest by producers/traders of big bulk products like crude/ fuels etc.
What is the percent of independent tank storage vs captive tank storage in the world?
Has it changed in the past 3-5 years?
Rob Luijendijk There is no exact answer to your question because there is no clear line between independent and captive storage. Also captive storage capacity is sometimes made available to thrird parties on a temporary basis. Generally speaking however the split is 80% (captive) and 20% (independent). The overall picture is that over the years the independent section has grown faster than the captive section. We expect that this trend will continue.
What are the common business models for storage terminals/bulk plants?
2. What is a typical cost structure of a storage terminal/bulk plant?
Rob Luijendijk The high-level answers are:
Emmanuel Polman Importance in the business model is the risk sharing strategy between the private operator and the port authority. The port / terminal institutional model will determine the mutual level of involvement in investments in the land & nautical infrastructure, super structures, tools & equipments, operations, etc. It will determine the financing structure, sources of financing and the future operational expenses etc.
What is a rough estimate of the average annual EBITDA/barrel of storage capacity?
And what is the standard deviation to that? For crude and for refined product?
Rob Luijendijk There is not one correct answer to your question as there are may variables (terminal size, throughput, type of terminals, ops costs, automation, types of products, etc.) that have a significant effect on EBITDA levels. What can be said is that the independent tank terminals industry, notably the oil storage sector, is a profitable activity where EBITDA’s of 40 to 50% of gross revenues are being achieved. However, there are examples where 60+% is recorded but we rather see that as an exception. Currently there is a healthy market demand for (oil) storage, both in the mature as well as in the emerging markets. The chemical storage market is currently slower because of the slacker global market dynamics.
TankRadar gauge installation
Is it possible to install a TankRadar gauge whilst the tank is in service?
Johan Sandberg Yes, the TankRadar units fist on existing nozzles, man ways or still pipes and can be installed without any hot work or large modifications.
Brad Yokogawa can provide their award winning VISAOM solution. This is a complete Oil movements management, monitoring and stock tracking system that can integrate will all level transmitters.
How do you do the inspection of oil storage tanks?
What technology do you use for finding out if oil tanks are leaking?
Captain Leo Kloet Following is the procedure which will be used for a safe and efficient tank inspection program.
Nigel Richardson TesTex NDT are the UKs leading storage Tank Inspection company. We can give you advise on Tank Inspection to EEMUA159 and AIP653. If needed we would be able to offer you a complete Inspection service.
Gauges from different vendors
I have gauges from several different vendors e.g. Enraf, Saab, Whessoe and want to get all the data into a single inventory management system. Can it be achieved?
Malcolm Tennant Yes it can. MHT Technology Ltd offer a range of open, scalable solutions that are designed to interface to any gauge vendor. Their Datacon unit has all the native fieldbuses out of one box; the Datacon is a data acquisition system which can provide multiple host interfaces to a range of systems including an inventory management system, site PLC, or SCADA system all at the same time if necessary.
Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL)
Can I use Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL) to inspect the lap welds as well as the floor plates?
Simon Packer No, Magnetic Flux Leakage is used to inspect the parent plate material for corrosion defects and cannot be used for the lap welds. The most common method of inspecting storage tank floor plate lap welds is by use of a Vacuum Box.
Implications of REACH
How do I find out more about the implications of REACH on my Terminal Business?
How is throughput calculated?
Frits Ploeg Throughput is the number of times the Total capacity of tankage rented or owned is turned over in a given period of time.
US Barrels and Cubic Metres conversion
What is the conversion between US Barrels and Cubic Metres?
Rob Luijendijk To convert Barrels to M3, devide barrels by 6.29 (approx). 1 barrel equals 0.158 987 294 928.
Hi, we have several tanks where stratification is a problem. Is it possible to buy an instrument that can detect stratification?
Johan Sandberg Some servo operated level gauges have this capability. In particular the Servo Gauge from Enraf has the ability to make a 10 point profile over the height of the liquid. Clearly, the application of such gauges has to be on “clean” products so that the displacer does not become contaminated. When the profile is uploaded to the host system it can be manually viewed as a graph to see if the tank is stratified. In addition a package called VTW from MHT Technology can automatically analyse the profile to give an alarm if stratification is detected.
Jon Watson The DM 250.2 portable digital density transmitter may prove a useful tool.
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